CentOS 7.4搭建LAMP环境

2019-06-2811:25:00 2 5,928
这篇文章主要介绍了CentOS 7.4搭建LAMP环境,较为详细的分析了CentOS 7.4环境下Apache、MYSQL、PHP-7.2等安装命令与操作注意事项,需要的朋友可以参考下。
CentOS 7.4搭建LAMP环境
LAMP:Linux、Apache、MYSQL、PHP。

目录:

第一部分 准备工作

第二部分 安装Apache服务

第三部分 安装MYSQL服务

第四部分 搭建PHP运行环境

第一部分 准备工作

一:服务器:

服务器系统:CentOS 7.4

服务器IP:192.168.0.117

版本:

httpd:2.4.29

mysql:5.7.22

php:7.2.9

二、下载软件包

#httpd软件包

https://mirrors.yangxingzhen.com/apache/httpd-2.4.29.tar.gz

#httpd依赖包

https://mirrors.yangxingzhen.com/apr/apr-1.6.3.tar.gz

https://mirrors.yangxingzhen.com/apr-util/apr-util-1.6.1.tar.gz

#MYSQL软件包

https://mirrors.yangxingzhen.com/mysql/mysql-5.7.22.tar.gz

#MYSQL依赖包

https://mirrors.yangxingzhen.com/mysql/boost_1_59_0.tar.gz

#PHP软件包

https://mirrors.yangxingzhen.com/php/php-7.2.9.tar.gz

#PHP依赖包

https://mirrors.yangxingzhen.com/libiconv/libiconv-1.15.tar.gz

PS:

Apr-1.6.3.tar.gz和Apr-util-1.6.1.tar.gz是httpd-2.4以后的版本所需要的插件,必须安装

三、将防火墙与selinux关闭

[root@localhost ~]# systemctl stop firewalld.service

[root@localhost ~]# systemctl disable firewalld

[root@localhost ~]# sed -i '/SELINUX/s/enforcing/disabled/' /etc/selinux/config

第二部分 安装Apache服务

1、下载软件包和安装编译工具与插件

[root@localhost ~]# yum -y install wget gcc gcc-c++ make pcre-devel pcre perl expat-devel perl-devel libtool

[root@localhost ~]# wget -c https://mirrors.yangxingzhen.com/apache/httpd-2.4.29.tar.gz

[root@localhost ~]# wget -c https://mirrors.yangxingzhen.com/apr/apr-1.6.3.tar.gz

[root@localhost ~]# wget -c https://mirrors.yangxingzhen.com/apr-util/apr-util-1.6.1.tar.gz

#APR安装

CentOS 7.4搭建LAMP环境

1、解压APR软件包

[root@localhost ~]# tar zxf apr-1.6.3.tar.gz

[root@localhost ~]# cd apr-1.6.3

2、预编译

[root@localhost apr-1.6.3]# ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/apr

CentOS 7.4搭建LAMP环境

3、编译及安装

[root@localhost apr-1.6.3]# make && make install

CentOS 7.4搭建LAMP环境

#Apr-util安装

1、解压apr-util软件包

[root@localhost apr-1.6.3]# cd ..

[root@localhost ~]# tar zxf apr-util-1.6.1.tar.gz

[root@localhost ~]# cd apr-util-1.6.1

2、预编译

[root@localhost apr-util-1.6.1]# ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/apr-util --with-apr=/usr/local/apr

CentOS 7.4搭建LAMP环境

3、编译及安装

[root@localhost apr-util-1.6.1]# make && make install

CentOS 7.4搭建LAMP环境

#Apache安装

1、解压httpd软件包

[root@localhost apr-util-1.6.1]# cd ..

[root@localhost ~]# tar zxf httpd-2.4.29.tar.gz

[root@localhost ~]# cd httpd-2.4.29

2、预编译

[root@localhost ~]# ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/apache --with-apr=/usr/local/apr --with-apr-util=/usr/local/apr-util/ --enable-so --enable-rewrite --enable-cahreset-lite

CentOS 7.4搭建LAMP环境

3、编译及安装

[root@localhost httpd-2.4.29]# make && make install

CentOS 7.4搭建LAMP环境

CentOS 7.4搭建LAMP环境

4、将httpd服务添加到系统服务
[root@localhost httpd-2.4.29]# cp /usr/local/apache/bin/apachectl /etc/init.d/httpd

[root@localhost httpd-2.4.29]# vi /etc/init.d/httpd
#添加以下两行(注意,"#"不能省略):

# chkconfig: - 85 21
# description: Apache is a World Wide Web Server

CentOS 7.4搭建LAMP环境

#保存退出

5、将httpd加入到SERVICE管理器

[root@localhost httpd-2.4.29]# chkconfig --add httpd

[root@localhost httpd-2.4.29]# systemctl daemon-reload

6、编辑httpd主配置文件

[root@localhost httpd-2.4.29]# vim /usr/local/apache/conf/httpd.conf

修改以下内容:

ServerName localhost:80

#保存退出

CentOS 7.4搭建LAMP环境

7、创建软连接

[root@localhost httpd-2.4.29]# ln -s /usr/local/apache/bin/* /usr/bin

#检查语法错误

[root@localhost httpd-2.4.29]# httpd -t

或者:

[root@localhost httpd-2.4.29]# apachectl -t

CentOS 7.4搭建LAMP环境

8、启动httpd服务

[root@localhost httpd-2.4.29]# systemctl start httpd

CentOS 7.4搭建LAMP环境

9、验证

#浏览器访问服务器IP,http://192.168.0.117

CentOS 7.4搭建LAMP环境

第三部分 安装MYSQL服务

#MYSQL安装

1、下载boost库(MYSQL5.7及以上需要,必须安装)

[root@localhost ~]# yum -y install wget

[root@localhost ~]# wget -c https://mirrors.yangxingzhen.com/mysql/boost_1_59_0.tar.gz

[root@localhost ~]# tar zxf boost_1_59_0.tar.gz -C /usr/local/

2、下载扩展包

[root@localhost ~]# yum -y install ncurses ncurses-devel perl perl-devel gcc gcc-c++ cmake make openssl-devel openssl

3、建立MYSQL用户

[root@localhost ~]# useradd -s /sbin/nologin mysql

4、下载MYSQL-5.7.22源码包

[root@localhost ~]# wget -c https://mirrors.yangxingzhen.com/mysql/mysql-5.7.22.tar.gz

[root@localhost ~]# tar zxf mysql-5.7.22.tar.gz

[root@localhost ~]# cd mysql-5.7.22

[root@localhost mysql-5.7.22]# cmake . -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/usr/local/mysql \

-DMYSQL_UNIX_ADDR=/tmp/mysql.sock \

-DMYSQL_DATADIR=/data/mysql \

-DSYSCONFDIR=/etc \

-DEXTRA_CHARSETS=all \

-DDEFAULT_CHARSET=utf8 \

-DDEFAULT_COLLATION=utf8_general_ci \

-DWITH_MYISAM_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 \

-DWITH_INNOBASE_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 \

-DWITH_MEMORY_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 \

-DWITH_PARTITION_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 \

-DDOWNLOAD_BOOST=1 \

-DWITH_BOOST=/usr/local/boost_1_59_0 \

-DENABLED_LOCAL_INFILE=1 \

-DMYSQL_TCP_PORT=3306 \

-DWITH_READLINE=1 \

-DMYSQL_USER=mysql \

-DWITH_SSL=yes

[root@localhost mysql-5.7.22]# make && make install

CentOS 7.4搭建LAMP环境

CentOS 7.4搭建LAMP环境

5、创建MYSQL数据存储目录

[root@localhost mysql-5.7.22]# mkdir -p /data/mysql

[root@localhost mysql-5.7.22]# chown -R mysql.mysql /data/mysql

6、编辑MYSQL主配置文件

[root@localhost mysql-5.7.22]# vim /etc/my.cnf

[client]
default-character-set = utf8
socket = /usr/local/mysql/mysql.sock

[mysql]
port = 3306
default-character-set = utf8
socket = /usr/local/mysql/mysql.sock

[mysqld]
user = mysql
basedir = /usr/local/mysql
datadir = /data/mysql
port = 3306
character_set_server=utf8
pid-file = /usr/local/mysql/mysqld.pid
socket = /usr/local/mysql/mysql.sock
log-error = /tmp/mysqld.log
server-id = 1
log-bin = mysql
sql_mode = NO_ENGINE_SUBSTITUTION,STRICT_TRANS_TABLES,NO_AUTO_CREATE_USER,NO_AUTO_VALUE_ON_ZERO,NO_ZERO_IN_DATE,NO_ZERO_DATE,ERROR_FOR_DIVISION_BY_ZERO,PIPES_AS_CONCAT,ANSI_QUOTES

7、初始化数据库(生成空密码,生成随机密码--initialize)

[root@localhost mysql-5.7.22]# cd /usr/local/mysql/bin

[root@localhost bin]# ./mysqld --initialize-insecure --user=mysql --datadir=/data/mysql --basedir=/usr/local/mysql

CentOS 7.4搭建LAMP环境

8、配置成系统服务

[root@localhost bin]# cp /usr/local/mysql/support-files/mysql.server /etc/init.d/mysqld

[root@localhost bin]# chmod o+x /etc/init.d/mysqld

9、启动MYSQL服务、添加开启自启动

[root@localhost bin]# chown -R mysql.mysql /usr/local/mysql

[root@localhost bin]# service mysqld start

[root@localhost bin]# chkconfig --add mysqld

[root@localhost bin]# chkconfig mysqld on

10、创建软连接、访问数据库

[root@localhost bin]# ln -s /usr/local/mysql/bin/* /usr/bin

[root@localhost bin]# mysql

CentOS 7.4搭建LAMP环境

#数据库安装配置成功,退出则输入"quit"

第四部分 搭建PHP运行环境

#安装libiconv

1、下载libiconv软件包

[root@localhost ~]# wget -c https://mirrors.yangxingzhen.com/libiconv/libiconv-1.15.tar.gz

2、解压libiconv软件包

[root@localhost ~]# tar zxf libiconv-1.15.tar.gz

[root@localhost ~]# cd libiconv-1.15

3、预编译

[root@localhost libiconv-1.15]# ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/libiconv

CentOS 7.4搭建LAMP环境

4、编译及安装

[root@localhost libiconv-1.15]# make && make install

CentOS 7.4搭建LAMP环境

#安装 PHP-7.2.9

1、安装编工具及插件(下载阿里云yum源)

[root@localhost ~]# wget -O /etc/yum.repos.d/epel.repo http://mirrors.aliyun.com/repo/epel-7.repo

[root@localhost ~]# yum -y install gcc gcc-c++ libvpx libvpx-devel libjpeg-turbo libjpeg-turbo-devel libzip libpng libpng-devel freetype-devel libxml2 libxml2-devel gd gd-devel libxslt-devel libcurl-devel libmcrypt-devel mhash mcrypt openssl openssl-devel

2、解压PHP软件包

[root@localhost ~]# tar zxf php-7.2.9.tar.gz

[root@localhost ~]# cd php-7.2.9

3、预编译

[root@localhost php-7.2.9.]# ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/php \

--with-config-file-path=/usr/local/php/etc \

--with-apxs2=/usr/local/apache/bin/apxs \

--with-mysql=mysqlnd \

--with-mysqli=mysqlnd \

--with-pdo-mysql=mysqlnd \

--enable-opcache \

--with-iconv-dir=/usr/local/libiconv \

--with-freetype-dir \

--with-jpeg-dir \

--with-png-dir \

--with-zlib \

--with-libxml-dir \

--enable-xml \

--disable-rpath \

--enable-bcmath \

--enable-shmop \

--enable-sysvsem \

--enable-inline-optimization \

--with-curl \

--enable-mbregex \

--enable-fpm \

--enable-mbstring \

--with-mcrypt \

--with-gd \

--enable-gd-native-ttf \

--with-openssl \

--with-mhash \

--enable-pcntl \

--enable-sockets \

--with-xmlrpc \

--enable-soap \

--enable-short-tags \

--enable-static \

--with-fpm-user=apache \

--with-fpm-group=apache \

--enable-ftp \

--enable-zip \

--with-gettext

CentOS 7.4搭建LAMP环境

4、编译及安装

[root@localhost php-7.2.9.]# make && make install

CentOS 7.4搭建LAMP环境

CentOS 7.4搭建LAMP环境

5、配置PHP

[root@localhost php-7.2.9]# cp /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf.default /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf

[root@localhost php-7.2.9]# cp php.ini-production /usr/local/php/etc/php.ini

6、关联PHP和Apache服务

[root@localhost php-7.2.9]# useradd -s /sbin/nologin apache

[root@localhost php-7.2.9]# sed -i 's/User daemon/User apache/' /usr/local/apache/conf/httpd.conf

[root@localhost php-7.2.9]# sed -i 's/Group daemon/Group apache/' /usr/local/apache/conf/httpd.conf

[root@localhost php-7.2.9]# sed -i '/AddType *.* .tgz/a\\tAddType application/x-httpd-php .php' /usr/local/apache/conf/httpd.conf

[root@localhost php-7.2.9]# sed -i 's/index.html/index.php index.html/' /usr/local/apache/conf/httpd.conf

CentOS 7.4搭建LAMP环境

7、验证

#编辑PHP测试页面

[root@localhost php-7.2.9]# cd /usr/local/apache/htdocs/

[root@localhost htdocs]# vim index.php

<?php
phpinfo();
?>

CentOS 7.4搭建LAMP环境

#重启httpd服务

[root@localhost htdocs]# systemctl restart httpd

#浏览器访问服务器:http://192.168.0.117

CentOS 7.4搭建LAMP环境

8、测试数据库

[root@localhost htdocs]# mysql

mysql> create database test;

mysql> grant all on test.* to test@'%' identified by '123456';

mysql> flush privileges;

CentOS 7.4搭建LAMP环境

[root@localhost htdocs]# vim info_mysql.php

<?php
$link=mysqli_connect('192.168.0.117','test','123456');
if($link) echo "<h1>Success!!</h1>";
else echo "Fail!!";
?>

[root@localhost htdocs]# systemctl restart httpd

浏览器访问http://192.168.0.117/info_mysql.php

CentOS 7.4搭建LAMP环境

至此LAMP环境搭建完毕!!

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目前评论:2   其中:访客  1   博主  0   引用   1

    • avatar 运维老司机

      亲测,写的不错 :razz:

    • 来自外部的引用: 1

      • CentOS 7.4搭建LNMP环境 | 、、、小柒